Artificial Intelligence: Applications and Implications

Artificial Intelligence: Applications and Implications

Full Report

Executive Summary

Press Release

Fact Sheet

Study Description

Agenda

Overview

The Little Hoover Commission is reviewing the impacts of artificial intelligence. While there is no singular definition, artificial intelligence encompasses a broad range of technologies that seek to approximate some aspect of human intelligence or behavior.  

In a 2014 Pew Research Center survey, the vast majority of the 1,896 experts anticipated that robotics and artificial intelligence will “permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025.” The Commission’s artificial intelligence project will investigate the shape and speed of these changes in California and in society.

Through its public process, the Commission intends to study the key challenges of artificial intelligence in California, its economic implications and how it can be used to solve societal ills. The Commission will review issues such as justice, equity, safety and privacy. The project will consider recent studies on workforce impacts, which could include both job creation and job displacement. Possible mitigations and worker protections will be discussed as will examples of efforts to plan and prepare for innovations and labor transformations.  In addition, the Commission will review how artificial intelligence can be used as a key tool to address social problems such as HIV prevention.

Throughout its study, the Commission will consider the potential policy role of California state government in areas such as regulation, workforce development and retraining.

If you would like more information regarding this study, please contact Terri Hardy at terri.hardy@lhc.ca.gov or at 916-445-2125. To be notified electronically of meetings, events or when the review is complete, please send a request to littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov.

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			Agenda
  • May 24
    2018
    Future of Work, Automation and Workforce Data
    9:30 a.m.
    Advisory Committee Meeting
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Advisory Committee Meeting on Future of Work, Automation and Workforce Data
    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 9:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.
    Lower Level Conference Room
    925 L Street, Sacramento, CA
    and
    425 S Palos Verdes Street
    San Pedro, CA 90731


    Meeting Background: The Little Hoover Commission is conducting a study on the applications and implications of artificial intelligence (AI). Its first hearing focused on the key challenges of AI in California, its economic implications and how it can be used to solve societal ills. Following the hearing, Commissioners indicated they wanted to learn about how California is preparing for the impacts of automation using state-owned data and discuss future workforce impacts. This advisory committee meeting will allow state officials, labor union representatives and other stakeholders the opportunity to discuss how the state collects labor data and share their views on how improvements can be made so long-term projections better reflect impacts of AI.


    Meeting Goals: To allow stakeholders to share information on labor data and its current limitations, discuss potential changes in the workforce and brainstorm on how the state can create and obtain better information to inform its planning decisions. The intent is to inform Commission recommendations.


    9:30 – 9:45 a.m.              

    Welcome and Introductions
    David Beier, Chair, Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee
    Iveta Brigis, Vice Chair, Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee
    Sean Varner, Vice Chair, Little Hoover Commission

    9:45 – 10:30 a.m.
    Government Agencies            

    • Understanding the lack of long-term labor data: What role does your state agency play in the creation of labor data and workforce planning? Does your agency develop or use long-term labor projections? What are the limitations of that information when considering how AI will impact future jobs? What essential state policies are implicated by correct or incorrect labor projections? How are you planning for the impacts of automation, AI and robotics? What labor data predictions do you wish the state had?

    10:30 – 11:15 a.m.
    All Participants 

    • Trends in the future of work: How is your organization or agency researching AI and automation? What are the data sources you use? What are the limitations of current data, and how could they be improved? What are the three or four major trends in job losses and gains, changes in the nature of work and evolution in the skills necessary for the jobs of the future due to AI?

    11:15 – 11:45 a.m.
    All Participants

    • Opportunities and impacts of AI and machine learning: Based on your own research and knowledge, what are the biggest ways AI and machine learning might impact the State of California, its residents and its current and future workforce? How can we work together to incorporate data-driven decision-making and strategic planning in discussions regarding the impacts of automation?


    11:45 – 12:00 p.m.              

    Final Comments

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the discussion. Please notify Commission staff if you would like to make a comment.

    Public Notice

    PUBLIC NOTICE

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    May 22, 2018

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Terri Hardy, Acting Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meeting

    On Thursday, May 24th, 2018, the Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee of the Little Hoover Commission will hold an advisory committee meeting with government agencies and labor representatives to discuss what economic data California needs in order to assess and prepare for the impacts of AI and automation. The intent of the meeting is to inform Commission recommendations. The meeting will begin at 9:30 a.m. in the Lower Level Conference Room located at 925 L Street in Sacramento, California. A teleconference location accessible to the public during the advisory committee meeting is available at 425 S Palos Verdes Street, San Pedro, CA 90271. 

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the meeting. The Commission also encourages written comments.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact Commission Acting Executive Director Terri Hardy at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Thursday, May 17, 2018.

  • January 25
    2018
    Artificial Intelligence: Applications and Implications
    9:30 a.m., State Capitol, Room 437, Sacramento, CA
    Event
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Public Hearing on Artificial Intelligence
    Thursday, January 25, 2018, at 9:30 a.m.
    State Capitol, Room 437
    Sacramento, CA 95814


    Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Employment

    1. Michael Chui, Partner, McKinsey & Company (Written Testimony)
       
    2. Lenny Mendonca, Co-Chair, California Forward (Written Testimony)
       

    Artificial Intelligence Policy: A Primer and Roadmap for Government

    1. Ryan Calo, Associate Professor, University of Washington School of Law (Written Testimony)
       

    Workforce and Automation: Implications and Potential Mitigations

    1. Robert Atkinson, President, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (Written Testimony)
       
    2. Annette Bernhardt, Senior Researcher, UC Berkeley Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (Written Testimony)
       
    3. Glenda Humiston, Vice President, UC Agriculture and Natural Resources (Written Testimony, Attachment)
       

    Artificial Intelligence Takes on Societal Problems

    1. Eric Rice and Milind Tambe, Co-Directors, USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society (Written Testimony)
       

    Comments Made by the Public

    California State University (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Notice

    PUBLIC NOTICE

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    January 11, 2018

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Terri Hardy, Deputy Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meeting

    On Thursday, January 25, 2018, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing on the applications of artificial intelligence in California. The Commission will consider the key challenges of artificial intelligence, its economic implications for the state and how it can be used to solve societal ills.  The hearing will begin at 9:30 a.m. in Room 437 of the State Capitol in Sacramento.

    At the hearing, the Commission will first hear a discussion regarding artificial intelligence and employment. Representatives from McKinsey & Company and California Forward will discuss research on occupational disruption as a result of new technologies. Next, the Commission will hear from a University of Washington law and technology professor, who will discuss the major policy questions of artificial intelligence, its current and future applications and the importance of ensuring some form of in-house technical expertise for policymakers. The Commission will then hear from a panel on workforce impacts of artificial intelligence and automation. The panel, consisting of representatives from the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation and the University of California, will discuss the positive and negative effects of automation, potential policy mitigations such as retraining and the role of government in supporting artificial intelligence.  Lastly, the Commission will hear from representatives of the USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society, who will discuss the use of artificial intelligence in solving difficult social problems such as educating homeless youth about HIV and AIDS.  

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the hearing.  Public comments will be limited to three minutes per person.  The Commission also encourages written comments.

    Immediately following the hearing, the Commission will hold a business meeting in the lower level conference room at 925 L Street in Sacramento.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact Commission Deputy Executive Director Terri Hardy at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Thursday, January 18, 2018.

    Video

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		Agenda
  • May 24
    2018
    Future of Work, Automation and Workforce Data
    9:30 a.m.
    Advisory Committee Meeting
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Advisory Committee Meeting on Future of Work, Automation and Workforce Data
    Thursday, May 24, 2018, 9:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.
    Lower Level Conference Room
    925 L Street, Sacramento, CA
    and
    425 S Palos Verdes Street
    San Pedro, CA 90731


    Meeting Background: The Little Hoover Commission is conducting a study on the applications and implications of artificial intelligence (AI). Its first hearing focused on the key challenges of AI in California, its economic implications and how it can be used to solve societal ills. Following the hearing, Commissioners indicated they wanted to learn about how California is preparing for the impacts of automation using state-owned data and discuss future workforce impacts. This advisory committee meeting will allow state officials, labor union representatives and other stakeholders the opportunity to discuss how the state collects labor data and share their views on how improvements can be made so long-term projections better reflect impacts of AI.


    Meeting Goals: To allow stakeholders to share information on labor data and its current limitations, discuss potential changes in the workforce and brainstorm on how the state can create and obtain better information to inform its planning decisions. The intent is to inform Commission recommendations.


    9:30 – 9:45 a.m.              

    Welcome and Introductions
    David Beier, Chair, Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee
    Iveta Brigis, Vice Chair, Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee
    Sean Varner, Vice Chair, Little Hoover Commission

    9:45 – 10:30 a.m.
    Government Agencies            

    • Understanding the lack of long-term labor data: What role does your state agency play in the creation of labor data and workforce planning? Does your agency develop or use long-term labor projections? What are the limitations of that information when considering how AI will impact future jobs? What essential state policies are implicated by correct or incorrect labor projections? How are you planning for the impacts of automation, AI and robotics? What labor data predictions do you wish the state had?

    10:30 – 11:15 a.m.
    All Participants 

    • Trends in the future of work: How is your organization or agency researching AI and automation? What are the data sources you use? What are the limitations of current data, and how could they be improved? What are the three or four major trends in job losses and gains, changes in the nature of work and evolution in the skills necessary for the jobs of the future due to AI?

    11:15 – 11:45 a.m.
    All Participants

    • Opportunities and impacts of AI and machine learning: Based on your own research and knowledge, what are the biggest ways AI and machine learning might impact the State of California, its residents and its current and future workforce? How can we work together to incorporate data-driven decision-making and strategic planning in discussions regarding the impacts of automation?


    11:45 – 12:00 p.m.              

    Final Comments

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the discussion. Please notify Commission staff if you would like to make a comment.

    Public Notice

    PUBLIC NOTICE

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    May 22, 2018

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Terri Hardy, Acting Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meeting

    On Thursday, May 24th, 2018, the Artificial Intelligence Subcommittee of the Little Hoover Commission will hold an advisory committee meeting with government agencies and labor representatives to discuss what economic data California needs in order to assess and prepare for the impacts of AI and automation. The intent of the meeting is to inform Commission recommendations. The meeting will begin at 9:30 a.m. in the Lower Level Conference Room located at 925 L Street in Sacramento, California. A teleconference location accessible to the public during the advisory committee meeting is available at 425 S Palos Verdes Street, San Pedro, CA 90271. 

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the meeting. The Commission also encourages written comments.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact Commission Acting Executive Director Terri Hardy at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Thursday, May 17, 2018.

  • January 25
    2018
    Artificial Intelligence: Applications and Implications
    9:30 a.m., State Capitol, Room 437, Sacramento, CA
    Event
    Agenda

    AGENDA

    Public Hearing on Artificial Intelligence
    Thursday, January 25, 2018, at 9:30 a.m.
    State Capitol, Room 437
    Sacramento, CA 95814


    Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Employment

    1. Michael Chui, Partner, McKinsey & Company (Written Testimony)
       
    2. Lenny Mendonca, Co-Chair, California Forward (Written Testimony)
       

    Artificial Intelligence Policy: A Primer and Roadmap for Government

    1. Ryan Calo, Associate Professor, University of Washington School of Law (Written Testimony)
       

    Workforce and Automation: Implications and Potential Mitigations

    1. Robert Atkinson, President, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (Written Testimony)
       
    2. Annette Bernhardt, Senior Researcher, UC Berkeley Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (Written Testimony)
       
    3. Glenda Humiston, Vice President, UC Agriculture and Natural Resources (Written Testimony, Attachment)
       

    Artificial Intelligence Takes on Societal Problems

    1. Eric Rice and Milind Tambe, Co-Directors, USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society (Written Testimony)
       

    Comments Made by the Public

    California State University (Written Testimony)

     

    Public Notice

    PUBLIC NOTICE

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
    January 11, 2018

    For Additional Information Contact:
    Terri Hardy, Deputy Executive Director
    (916) 445-2125

    Notice of Meeting

    On Thursday, January 25, 2018, the Little Hoover Commission will conduct a public hearing on the applications of artificial intelligence in California. The Commission will consider the key challenges of artificial intelligence, its economic implications for the state and how it can be used to solve societal ills.  The hearing will begin at 9:30 a.m. in Room 437 of the State Capitol in Sacramento.

    At the hearing, the Commission will first hear a discussion regarding artificial intelligence and employment. Representatives from McKinsey & Company and California Forward will discuss research on occupational disruption as a result of new technologies. Next, the Commission will hear from a University of Washington law and technology professor, who will discuss the major policy questions of artificial intelligence, its current and future applications and the importance of ensuring some form of in-house technical expertise for policymakers. The Commission will then hear from a panel on workforce impacts of artificial intelligence and automation. The panel, consisting of representatives from the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation and the University of California, will discuss the positive and negative effects of automation, potential policy mitigations such as retraining and the role of government in supporting artificial intelligence.  Lastly, the Commission will hear from representatives of the USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society, who will discuss the use of artificial intelligence in solving difficult social problems such as educating homeless youth about HIV and AIDS.  

    There will be an opportunity for public comment at the end of the hearing.  Public comments will be limited to three minutes per person.  The Commission also encourages written comments.

    Immediately following the hearing, the Commission will hold a business meeting in the lower level conference room at 925 L Street in Sacramento.

    If you need reasonable accommodation due to a disability, please contact Commission Deputy Executive Director Terri Hardy at (916) 445-2125 or littlehoover@lhc.ca.gov by Thursday, January 18, 2018.

    Video